ISSN 1302-9940

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ocuklarda Kronik shale Yaklam [J Child]
J Child. 2018; 18(2): 52-58 | DOI: 10.5222/j.child.2018.47568

ocuklarda Kronik shale Yaklam

Nafiye Urganc
ili Etfal Hastanesi ocuk Gastroenteroloji

shal genel olarak gnlk dk miktarnn veya dknn su ieriinin artmasdr. Bebek ve ocuklarda dk miktarnn 10 gr/kg/gn; adlesan ve erikinlerde 200 gr/kg/gn olmas ishal olarak tanmlanr. ki haftadan uzun srenler kronik veya persistan ishal olarak tanmlanmaktadr. Esas patofizyolojik mekanizmalar osmotik, sekretuvar, motilite bozukluu ve enflamasyondur. shal nedenleri yaa gre deikenlik gstermekle birlikte gelimekte olan lkelerde ineksiyonlar sk neden iken gelimi lkelerde fonksiyonel barsak hastalklar, malabsorbsiyon ve inflamatuvar barsak hastalklar en sk nedenlerini oluturmaktadr. yi yk ve fizik muayenenin dikkatli yaplmas, tan iin gereksiz test ve giriim yaplmasn engeller. Tedavide ama nedene ynelik tedavi, beslenme durumunu dzeltmek ve bymeyi
salamaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: shal, Kronik, ocuk

Approach to the Treatment of Chronic Diarrhea in Children

Nafiye Urganc
ili Etfal Hospital Child Gastroenterology

Diarrhea is generally an increase in the amount of daily stool or water in the feces. The amount of feces in infants and children is 10 g/kg/day; Adolescents and adults with diarrhea of 200 g/kg/day. Patients who are more than two weeks old are defined as chronic or persistant diarrhea.
The main pathophysiological mechanisms are osmotic, secretory, motility disorders and inflammation. While causes of diarrhea vary according to age, in developing countries frequent causes of incidence are functional intestinal diseases, malabsorption and inflammatory bowel diseases
in developed countries. Careful management of good history and physical examination prevents unnecessary testing and intervention for diagnosis. The goal of treatment is to improve the condition of nutrition and to provide growth.

Keywords: Diarrhea, chronic, child

Nafiye Urganc. Approach to the Treatment of Chronic Diarrhea in Children. J Child. 2018; 18(2): 52-58

Sorumlu Yazar: Nafiye Urganc, Trkiye
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